Beginner’s Guide to French Macarons

Pastel colored macarons sweet French dessert isolated on white background.


The French macaron is not just a dessert; it's an experience. A perfect blend of textures and flavors, it's no wonder that this treat has captured the hearts of many. Whether you're seeking a simple macaron recipe or the best macaron recipe out there, this guide is your ultimate companion.


A Deep Dive into Macaron History

Macarons, often associated with France, have roots in Italy. The term "macaron" is derived from "macarone", an Italian phrase meaning "fine dough". Introduced to France in the 16th century, it underwent various refinements, evolving into the iconic French macaron recipe we cherish today.


Basic Ingredients and Tools


Almond flourStructure and flavorMacaron recipe without almond flour available for those with allergies
Egg whitesLift and lightnessVegan macaron recipe uses aquafaba
Granulated sugarSweetness and stabilization-
Powdered sugarTexture and sweetness-
Food coloringVibrancy-


Electric mixerEssential for the meringue
Piping bagsFor shaping
Silicone mat/parchment paperNon-stick surface
Oven thermometerAccurate baking temperatures

The Base Macaron Recipe

Every macaron journey starts with a base macaron recipe. This foundation is key to mastering the art.


  • 100g almond flour
  • 100g powdered sugar
  • 75g egg whites
  • 50g granulated sugar


  1. Preparation:

    • Preheat the oven to 300°F (150°C).
    • Line a baking sheet with a silicone mat or parchment paper.
    • Prepare a piping bag with a round nozzle.
  2. Sift:

    • Combine almond flour and powdered sugar in a bowl.
    • Sift the mixture at least twice to ensure there are no lumps. This step is crucial for smooth macaron shells.
  3. Meringue:

    • In a clean, grease-free bowl, start whipping the egg whites at a low speed.
    • Once the egg whites are foamy, start adding granulated sugar gradually.
    • Increase the speed of the mixer and whip until stiff peaks form. The meringue should be glossy and hold its shape. This is the most crucial step for a foolproof macaron recipe.
  4. Macaronage:

    • Gently fold the sifted dry ingredients into the whipped egg whites using a spatula.
    • The batter should be mixed until it reaches a "lava-like" consistency. It should flow smoothly and form a ribbon when lifted.
    • This process typically takes about 50 folds. Be careful not to overmix or undermix.
  5. Piping:

    • Transfer the batter to the prepared piping bag.
    • Pipe small, consistent circles onto the baking sheet. Keep the piping bag perpendicular to the surface for uniform macarons.
    • Tap the baking sheet on the counter a few times to release any air bubbles.
  6. Resting:

    • Allow the piped macarons to sit at room temperature for 30 minutes to an hour. This helps in forming a skin on the macarons, ensuring they rise evenly when baked and develop the characteristic "feet".
    • They should be dry to the touch before baking.
  7. Baking:

    • Bake in the preheated oven for 12-15 minutes.
    • The macarons should develop "feet" (the frilly base) and not stick to the paper when done.
    • Allow them to cool completely before removing from the baking sheet.
  8. Filling:

    • Once cooled, pair up macarons of similar sizes.
    • Pipe or spread your chosen filling on one half and sandwich them together gently.



Flavor Variations and Fillings

With the base recipe, you can explore a plethora of flavors. Here's a detailed breakdown of some popular variations:

FlavorAdjustments to Base RecipeFilling
ChocolateAdd 2 tbsp cocoa powder to the dry ingredientsChocolate ganache
VanillaAdd 1 tsp vanilla extract to the meringueVanilla buttercream
LemonAdd 1 tsp lemon zest to the dry ingredientsLemon curd
CoffeeAdd 1 tsp espresso powder to the dry ingredientsCoffee-infused ganache
Red VelvetAdd red food coloring to the meringueCream cheese filling
StrawberryAdd 1 tsp strawberry extract to the meringueStrawberry jam or buttercream
PistachioReplace 25g almond flour with pistachio flourPistachio buttercream
RaspberryAdd 1 tsp raspberry extract to the meringueRaspberry jam or buttercream
MatchaAdd 1 tsp matcha powder to the dry ingredientsMatcha-infused buttercream
Caramel-Salted caramel filling
CoconutAdd 1 tsp coconut extract to the meringueCoconut cream filling
PumpkinAdd 1 tsp pumpkin spice to the dry ingredientsPumpkin spice buttercream


Advanced Variations

For those looking to experiment further, here are some advanced variations:

Italian Macaron RecipeUses a hot sugar syrup to stabilize the meringue
Swiss Macaron RecipeInvolves heating egg whites and sugar over a double boiler
Vegan Macaron RecipeUses aquafaba (chickpea water) instead of egg whites

Common Mistakes and Solutions

Macarons can be tricky. Here's a table to troubleshoot common issues:

Cracked shellsOvermixed batterGentle folding
Hollow insidesOver-whipped meringueWhip to just stiff peaks
No feetDidn't restAllow 30 minutes resting time

Tips for Perfection

  • Aging Egg Whites: Reduces moisture for a stable meringue. Store separated whites in the fridge for 24-48 hours.

  • Consistent Size: Use a template under your parchment paper to ensure uniformly sized macarons.

  • Humidity: Ideal for making macarons on dry days. If it's humid, consider using a dehumidifier or air conditioner.

  • Resting: This crucial step allows the macaron to develop a skin, ensuring it rises evenly when baked.

Pairing Macarons with Drinks

Macarons pair wonderfully with a range of beverages:

Macaron FlavorBeverage Pairing
ChocolateRed wine or black coffee
VanillaWhite tea or sparkling wine
LemonEarl Grey tea or lemonade
CoffeeEspresso or dark beer
Red VelvetMilk or rosé wine

Storing and Serving

Macarons taste best when fresh but can be stored:

  • Room Temperature: Up to 2 days in an airtight container.
  • Refrigerator: Up to a week. Bring to room temperature before serving.
  • Freezer: Up to 6 months. Thaw in the refrigerator overnight.

Gifting Macarons

If you're looking to gift these delightful treats, consider a professional touch with WOWBouquet. They specialize in macaron bouquets, making it the perfect gift for any occasion. Visit for a range of professional macaron gifts.


The journey of making macarons is filled with trials, errors, and sweet rewards. With this comprehensive guide, you're equipped with the knowledge to craft the perfect macaron, from a simple macaron recipe to intricate flavor combinations. Whether you're a beginner or a seasoned baker, there's always room to explore and perfect this delightful treat. Happy baking!